The STATS20 manual provides a detailed explanation of the information, referred to as STATS19, which is the set of data which has to be collected by a Police Officer when an injury road accident is reported to them. ). It is for the use of police forces and local authorities (and their agents) where data is not collected by a police force using CRASH software.
This is the data collected when road vehicles collide.
Atkins was commissioned as part of a multidisciplinary project team which includes MVA Consultancy, Phil Jones Associates and TRL to carry out evidence based research into the factors which influence the design and operation of segregated and unsegregated pedestrian and cyclist shared use facilities. The research project helped inform the preparation of a new Local Transport Note on shared use routes for pedestrians and cyclists.
At the core of this research are user behavioural studies to support an understanding of how pedestrians and cyclists interact on unsegregated and segregated shared use facilities.
This technical note presents the findings of research into the factors which affect the operation and quality of shared use facilities adjacent-to-road. An evidence based approach was used to undertake comprehensive case studies in Norwich and Cambridge, supported by additional evidence from Bristol, York, Peterborough and Newcastle.
Shared use routes are designed to accommodate the movement of pedestrians and cyclists. Shared use schemes require careful consideration and this Local Transport Note provides advice on their planning, design and provision. It suggests a scheme development process to help in deciding if shared use is appropriate for any given situation and stresses the importance of high quality inclusive design that addresses the needs of all users. It places particular emphasis on involving users, residents, and other stakeholders in the design process.
There is a widely held perception that there is a war being waged on motorists and that government is using motorists as a ‘cash cow’. There are frequent calls – often granted, as in June 2012 – for delays or reductions in fuel duty and other motoring taxes. These are often juxtaposed with calls for greater spending on roads. This paper sets out the costs of motoring both to individual drivers and to the public purse, compared to the cost of living and the costs of alternative transport modes. It considers whether there are justifiable reasons for increased taxes on motoring.
Two of the five recommendations of the report, the ones that directly affect cycling:
This report presents findings from qualitative research undertaken with residents of the Cycling City and Towns, during the programme period. It explores their cycling behaviour and how they responded to the investment in cycling in their local areas. By setting cycling decisions in the context of individual and family lives, and also the wider environment, the research identifies:
the key triggers for changes in how people choose to travel, and
the contextual factors which support or constrain cycling at those points – including the role of cycling schemes and interventions.
This provides new insights on cycling behavioural change for decision makers and researchers in transport and other sectors.
It is widely recognized that there is a need to increase levels of active and sustainable travel in British urban areas. The Understanding Walking and Cycling (UWAC) project, funded by the EPSRC, has examined the factors influencing everyday travel decisions and proposes a series of policy measures to increase levels of walking and cycling for short trips in urban areas. A wide range of both quantitative and qualitative data were collected in four English towns (Leeds, Leicester, Worcester, Lancaster), including a questionnaire survey, analysis of the built environment, interviews and ethnographies. Key findings of the research are that whilst attitudes to walking and cycling are mostly positive or neutral, many people who would like to engage in more active travel fail to do so due to a combination of factors. These can be summarised as:
Concerns about the physical environment, especially with regard to safety when walking or cycling;
The difficulty of fitting walking and cycling into complex household routines (especially with young children);
The perception that walking and cycling are in some ways abnormal things to do so.
It is suggested that policies to increase levels of walking and cycling should focus not only on improving infrastructure (for instance through fully segregated cycle routes), but also must tackle broader social, economic, cultural and legal factors that currently inhibit walking and cycling. Together, such changes can create an environment in which driving for short trips in urban areas is seen as abnormal and walking or cycling seem the obvious choices.