The woonerf (plural woonerven) is a type of Dutch residential street, designed to be safe, and quiet, with no through-traffic except walking. The name literally means 'living courtyard'.

Woonerven have low design speeds, with tight corners and narrow street widths. Drivers are expected to travel at walking speed, with pedestrians having equal priority. Cars can only be parked in designated parking bays in woonerven. 

Assen Woonerf

This type of residential street arrangement has fallen out of favour in the Netherlands, in part because of the lack of through routes explicitly designed for cycling - making trips by bike needlessly circuitous, or involving cycling on narrow paths with pedestrians.

Many wooverven have now been adapted to make it easier to cycle through (and out of) them in different directions, and new Dutch housing development tends to be more 'open', while still preventing through motor traffic on residential streets.

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