Cycling

Cycling in the City: A Compendium of International Practice

Publisher: 
Urban Movement
Publication date: 
May 2013
Abstract: 

This document aims simply to collect in one place a range of urban cycle design guidance, for features great and small, from different countries. We looked up what Compendiummeans, and we’ve tried to adhere to the following definition: “A concise, yet comprehensive, compilation of a body of knowledge.” What we wanted to do was to help provide a reference resource for fellow practitioners and others involved in making streets more attractive to cycle along.

Enabling Cycling Cities - Ingredients for Success

Publisher: 
Civitas Mimosa
Publication date: 
April 2013
Abstract: 

City administrations across Europe and beyond have made real progress in planning and providing for cycling in their cities. Support both for cycling measures and this book has come from the European Commission. Their support has been most valuable, but this was not the start of their involvement. In 1999, the then European Environment Commissioner, Ritt Bjerregard wrote the following foreword to their publication ‘Cycling: The way ahead for towns and cities’:

Cycle route choice - Final survey and model report

Publisher: 
Steer Davies Gleave
Publication date: 
June 2012
Abstract: 

This study has investigated the decisions that cyclists in London make when deciding which route to take, and the relative importance of different route features. The study has also looked at more general preferences and attitudes among cyclists.

Are head injuries to cyclists an important cause of death in road travel fatalities?

Publisher: 
Journal of Transport and Health
Publication date: 
July 2018
Abstract: 

Background: Despite the well-recognised benefit for individuals and communities of increased active travel, cycling remains a minority travel mode in many high income countries. Fear of injury is often cited as a reason. Campaigns to promote cycle helmet wear are alleged to contribute to this. However, there is little information on whether head injuries to cyclists are an important cause of death in road travel fatalities, compared with other road users.

Urban Mobility from a Human Scale – Promoting and Facilitating Active Travel in Cities

Publisher: 
SWECO
Publication date: 
May 2018
Abstract: 

The potential of bicycle and pedestrian travel in the city has been underestimated in past decades and, as a result, there has been some deterioration of facilities and public space availability for these road users. However, in recent years the value of these transport modes has gained recognition and is being prioritised much more highly in cities’ mobility policies.

Inequalities in utility and leisure cycling in England, and variation by local cycling prevalence

Publisher: 
Transportation Research
Publication date: 
July 2018
Abstract: 

This paper analyses Active People Survey data (collected 2011/12 to 2015/16) on 789,196 English adults, providing new information on how a range of socio-demographic factors are associated with utility and leisure cycling. Substantial inequalities are found in relation to gender, age, disability, and ethnicity for both types of cycling. For gender and age, and perhaps for disability in relation to recreational cycling, inequalities are moderated by local cycling prevalence such that English authorities with more cycling see less inequality.

Planning for cycling in the dispersed city: establishing a hierarchy of effectiveness of municipal cycling policies

Publisher: 
Transportation
Publication date: 
April 2018
Abstract: 

Urban utility cycling is being promoted widely due to various health, social, economic and environmental benefits. This study seeks to identify and rank which munic- ipal-level policies and other factors are most influential in increasing cycling as a means of everyday transport and improving the real and perceived cycling safety in car-oriented urban centres. This is achieved by identifying the key factors thought to influence cycle use and by establishing a hierarchy of effectiveness of municipal cycling policies.

Cycling in Pedestrian Areas

Publisher: 
Transport Research Laboratory (TRL)
Publication date: 
January 1993
Abstract: 

The main aim of this study was to determine whether any real factors contribute to the exclusion of cyclists from some pedestrian areas. In these areas where cycling is permitted, it has been achieved by: (a) shared use of the whole, or certain sections of the pedestrian area; (b) combined use with selected motor vehicles (eg buses and service vehicles); (c) time-restricted access; (d) special paths for cyclists. This study was in two stages, in stage one, 1 hour video recordings of pedestrian areas at 12 sites in England and at 9 sites in mainland Europe were taken.

TRL610 Cycling in Bus Lanes

Publisher: 
Transport Research Laboratory (TRL)
Publication date: 
November 2004
Abstract: 

Cyclists in the UK are normally permitted to use with-flow bus lanes and other bus priority facilities because sustainable modes of transport are being encouraged and because cycling in bus lanes is usually safer than riding outside them between moving buses and general traffic.

Predictors of the frequency and subjective experience of cycling near misses: findings from the first two years of the UK Near Miss Project

Publisher: 
Accident Analysis & Prevention
Publication date: 
January 2018
Abstract: 

Using 2014 and 2015 data from the UK Near Miss Project, this paper examines the stability of self-report incident rates for cycling near misses across these two years. It further examines the stability of the individual-level predictors of experiencing a near miss, including what influences the scariness of an incident. The paper uses three questions asked for only in 2015, which allow further exploration of factors shaping near miss rates and impacts of incidents.

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