Research paper

Evaluating active travel and health economic impacts of small streetscape schemes: An exploratory study in London

Publisher: 
Journal of Transport and Health
Publication date: 
November 2018
Abstract: 

Introduction: This article proposes a low-cost approach that transport authorities can use to evaluate small-scale active travel interventions, including estimating health economic benefits from uptake of walking and/or cycling.

Children's independent mobility: a comparative study in England and Germany (1971-2010)

Publisher: 
Policy Studies Institute
Publication date: 
January 2013
Abstract: 

Children’s well-being and health, the quality of the environments they are brought up in and the impact of a range of social and technological developments in the lives of children has been the subject of much research, public concern and debate. This report presents new research on one factor that is affected by (and affects) these issues – children’s independent mobility. This can bedefined as ‘the freedom of children to travel around their own neighbourhood or city without adult supervision’ (Tranter and Whitelegg, 1994).

Car parking - What Works Where

Publisher: 
English Partnerships - The National Regeneration Agency
Publication date: 
March 2006
Abstract: 

This manual takes stock of common car parking treatments and reviews how successful they are in providing adequate levels of safe parking within a high quality environment. Here the introduction briefly reviews recent studies into demand, allocation and parking efficiency as a starting point for designers. It also touches on innovation, including mechanical systems, homezones and the use of travel plans such as car clubs.

Understanding attitudes to priorities at side road junctions

Publisher: 
Transportation Research
Publication date: 
January 2019
Abstract: 

Junctions are places of interaction and hence conflict for all road users. Two thirds of all collisions in built up areas occur at junctions, with pedestrians and cyclists being most at risk. The aim of the research is to investigate the attitudes to change, and likely behaviour at junctions, of all types of road users, were a general and unambiguous duty to ‘give way on turning’ to be introduced in the UK context. Q-methodology was used because it is good at capturing and describing divergent views and also consensus.

Enabling Cycling Cities - Ingredients for Success

Publisher: 
Civitas Mimosa
Publication date: 
April 2013
Abstract: 

City administrations across Europe and beyond have made real progress in planning and providing for cycling in their cities. Support both for cycling measures and this book has come from the European Commission. Their support has been most valuable, but this was not the start of their involvement. In 1999, the then European Environment Commissioner, Ritt Bjerregard wrote the following foreword to their publication ‘Cycling: The way ahead for towns and cities’:

Are head injuries to cyclists an important cause of death in road travel fatalities?

Publisher: 
Journal of Transport and Health
Publication date: 
July 2018
Abstract: 

Background: Despite the well-recognised benefit for individuals and communities of increased active travel, cycling remains a minority travel mode in many high income countries. Fear of injury is often cited as a reason. Campaigns to promote cycle helmet wear are alleged to contribute to this. However, there is little information on whether head injuries to cyclists are an important cause of death in road travel fatalities, compared with other road users.

Urban Mobility from a Human Scale – Promoting and Facilitating Active Travel in Cities

Publisher: 
SWECO
Publication date: 
May 2018
Abstract: 

The potential of bicycle and pedestrian travel in the city has been underestimated in past decades and, as a result, there has been some deterioration of facilities and public space availability for these road users. However, in recent years the value of these transport modes has gained recognition and is being prioritised much more highly in cities’ mobility policies.

Inequalities in utility and leisure cycling in England, and variation by local cycling prevalence

Publisher: 
Transportation Research
Publication date: 
July 2018
Abstract: 

This paper analyses Active People Survey data (collected 2011/12 to 2015/16) on 789,196 English adults, providing new information on how a range of socio-demographic factors are associated with utility and leisure cycling. Substantial inequalities are found in relation to gender, age, disability, and ethnicity for both types of cycling. For gender and age, and perhaps for disability in relation to recreational cycling, inequalities are moderated by local cycling prevalence such that English authorities with more cycling see less inequality.

Planning for cycling in the dispersed city: establishing a hierarchy of effectiveness of municipal cycling policies

Publisher: 
Transportation
Publication date: 
April 2018
Abstract: 

Urban utility cycling is being promoted widely due to various health, social, economic and environmental benefits. This study seeks to identify and rank which munic- ipal-level policies and other factors are most influential in increasing cycling as a means of everyday transport and improving the real and perceived cycling safety in car-oriented urban centres. This is achieved by identifying the key factors thought to influence cycle use and by establishing a hierarchy of effectiveness of municipal cycling policies.

A safer road environment for cyclists

Publisher: 
SWOV
Publication date: 
August 2013
Abstract: 

This thesis focuses on the question of how the road environment (road design and network characteristics) affects road safety for cyclists through effects on risk and exposure to risk. In this thesis, the term ‘road design’ is used to denote the location level (e.g. intersection design) while the term ‘network characteristics’ is used in relation to the network level (e.g. the presence of a road hierarchy and road classification). Road design plays a role in cyclists’ crash and injury risk. Network characteristics affect mode and route choice (Heinen et al.

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