Europe

Children's independent mobility: a comparative study in England and Germany (1971-2010)

Publisher: 
Policy Studies Institute
Publication date: 
January 2013
Abstract: 

Children’s well-being and health, the quality of the environments they are brought up in and the impact of a range of social and technological developments in the lives of children has been the subject of much research, public concern and debate. This report presents new research on one factor that is affected by (and affects) these issues – children’s independent mobility. This can bedefined as ‘the freedom of children to travel around their own neighbourhood or city without adult supervision’ (Tranter and Whitelegg, 1994).

Enabling Cycling Cities - Ingredients for Success

Publisher: 
Civitas Mimosa
Publication date: 
April 2013
Abstract: 

City administrations across Europe and beyond have made real progress in planning and providing for cycling in their cities. Support both for cycling measures and this book has come from the European Commission. Their support has been most valuable, but this was not the start of their involvement. In 1999, the then European Environment Commissioner, Ritt Bjerregard wrote the following foreword to their publication ‘Cycling: The way ahead for towns and cities’:

Urban Mobility from a Human Scale – Promoting and Facilitating Active Travel in Cities

Publisher: 
SWECO
Publication date: 
May 2018
Abstract: 

The potential of bicycle and pedestrian travel in the city has been underestimated in past decades and, as a result, there has been some deterioration of facilities and public space availability for these road users. However, in recent years the value of these transport modes has gained recognition and is being prioritised much more highly in cities’ mobility policies.

A new move for business in EU cities

Publisher: 
EU
Publication date: 
July 2018
Abstract: 

Electric bikes proved to be very efficient in dense urban areas where most delivery rounds are short. In many ways they perform better than motorised vehicles, saving money and increasing efficiency.

Contraflow cycling

Publisher: 
Department for Transport
Publication date: 
September 1998
Abstract: 

This leaflet gives advice on the range of traffic environments and circumstances in which various options for permitting cycling in the contraflow direction in one-way streets may be appropriate.

The advice draws together guidance in existing publications from the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR) and others. It is supplemented by the results of recent research undertaken by Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) on behalf of the DETR. This is reported fully in TRL Report 358.

Which physical and social environmental factors are most important for adolescents’ cycling for transport? An experimental study using manipulated photographs

Publisher: 
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition
Publication date: 
August 2017
Abstract: 

Abstract

Background: Ecological models emphasize that cycling for transport is determined by an interplay between individual, physical and social environmental factors. The current study investigated (a) which physical and social environmental factors determine adolescents’ preferences towards cycling for transport and (b) which individual, physical and social environmental factors are associated with their intention to actually cycle for transport.

Perceived safety of cyclists: The role of road attributes

Publisher: 
KTH Royal Institute of Technology School of Architecture and the Built Environment
Publication date: 
September 2017
Abstract: 

Perceived, subjective safety of cyclists is not only important as a main factor of cyclist preferences (Heinen et al., 2010), it also influences which route cyclists take (Klobucar and Fricker, 2007; Lawson et al., 2013), or whether they would choose cycling at all (Heinen et al., 2010). Despite this importance, objective and subjective safety are not equally emphasised (Nilsen et al., 2004) and comprehensive knowledge is also lacking (Sørensen and Mosslemi, 2009).

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